Marechal Foch, pronounced mar-esh-shall-fosh, sometimes with an accent (Maréchal) or just referred to as Foch, is a French hybrid grape.
It was developed in Alsace by Eugene Kuhlmann, but its parentage has been disputed. Some cite Goldriesling (v. vinifera) as one parent and a North American varietal (v. riparia or rupestris) as the other. Others claim the North American parent to be Oberlin Noir, a Gamay-riparia cross, which was once commercially cultivated in Burgundy.
Regardless, the resulting grape is winter hardy, ripens early and produces red wine ranging from light-bodied and Beaujolais in style to sweet, fortified and port-like. Once, it was widely planted in the Loire Valley and now it is still popular in Canada and New York. It can also be found in Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Minnesota and the Willamette Valley.
The grape is named after French marshal Ferdinand Foch (1851-1929), who played a key role in the closing of World War I. As supreme commander of the Allied armies, he accepted the German request for an armistice. Once the war was over, he claimed to have defeated Germany by “smoking his pipe”.
“‘How did I win the war?’ Foch will say chaffingly to André de Marincourt, many months later. ‘By smoking my pipe. That is to say, by not getting excited, by reducing everything to simple terms, by avoiding useless emotions, and keeping all my strength for the job.'”
Frank H. Simonds, History of the World War, Vol. 5, Ch. 3, III. Doubleday, Page & Co., 1920.